The Department of Periodontology deals with diseases of the periodontium, i.e. the study of the tissues surrounding the tooth, the gums, the elastic periodontium fibres and the bone. Periodontal diseases are very serious as they affect not only the health of teeth and gums but also the whole body. We know that these diseases can be greatly reduced, contained or even avoided by early detection. For this reason, we focus on prevention and have integrated molecular dentistry into our practice concept.

Periodontal treatment

A precise periodontal diagnosis and the effective treatment methods of modern periodontology enable us to attenuate, stop and in the best case even cure a disease of the periodontium.

The gums and the jawbone form the foundation for the hold and stability of our teeth. Periodontitis causes this area to become diseased. As it is often discovered too late due to its initially painless course, it is the main cause of tooth loss in the adult population. Periodontitis is caused by bacterial plaque or genetic predisposition. Bad breath, bleeding gums and sensitive gums are usually the harbingers. If the periodontium is diseased, action should be taken quickly.
Due to the decline of the jawbone and the gums, so-called pockets between the tooth and the gums are inevitably formed. Deposits and germs can settle even deeper in these pockets. The result is a loosening of the teeth – and in the worst case even tooth loss.

Periodontitis can be caused by illnesses or even trigger them. Indicators can be osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus or immune deficiency. But also strong nicotine or alcohol consumption, unbalanced nutrition or pregnancy can be triggering factors.

The treatment of periodontitis depends on the severity of the disease and ranges from professional tooth cleaning in the early stages to surgical interventions for advanced clinical pictures. Periodontal prophylaxis is an overall concept to support periodontal therapy. The goal is a plaque-free oral cavity. Therefore, functional measures such as the removal of interfering contacts or the removal of protruding fillings and crown margins also fall into this area.
At an early stage of the disease, we have non-surgical periodontitis treatment at our disposal. With the so-called closed periodontitis therapy, good long-term results can be achieved. This treatment is performed by our specially trained dental hygienist Dental hygienist.

First, the tooth and root surfaces are mechanically cleaned with ultrasound and curette in order to safely eliminate the pathogenic germs. This treatment is carried out several times under local anaesthesia.

Periodontal surgery

If periodontitis has already developed, periodontal surgery can be used to contain the disease and reconstruct functional and aesthetic damage to the jawbone and gums.

In case of a severe course of periodontal disease – when a closed therapy is no longer an option or has not achieved the desired effect – surgical gum treatment by our team of doctors (only Dr. Alavi) is the only method of choice. The so-called open periodontitis treatment is the last possibility to contain periodontitis.

This treatment must always be combined with periodontal prophylaxis.

As a first step, the gums are opened and folded outwards. This gives us direct access to the tooth roots and gum pockets. In the second step we remove stubborn plaque and tartar. We also clean the entire area very thoroughly – as carefully and gently as possible. The last step is to fold the gum back and sew it up. The gums now have the opportunity to grow back to the clean tooth surfaces.

With this treatment, we have various options at our disposal in order to carry out the procedure for you as relaxed as possible.

When the jawbone and gums have already been removed, regenerative techniques such as guided tissue and bone regeneration are applied. For this procedure we use our own or synthetic bone replacement material and self-dissolving membranes from a German premium supplier. This technique is used to naturally rebuild the periodontium and promote its growth.

In any case, a detailed diagnosis is an absolute prerequisite for the success of the treatment. Here we set also on the innovative Molecular Dentistry.